Conceptualizing the Multidimensional Nature of Self-Efficacy: Assessment of Situational Context and Level of Behavioral Challenge to Maintain Safer Sex

Murphy, Debra A.; Stein, Judith A.; Schlenger, William; Maibach, Edward; NIMH Multisite HIV Prevention Trial Group

A. Bandura (1991) argued that self-efficacy measurement should be specific both to the situation in which the behavior occurs and level of challenge in that situation. Measures consistent with the 2 dimensions were developed with graded challenge levels and differing gender-appropriate situations. Participants were 1,496 controls in the National Institute of Mental Health Multisite HIV Prevention Trial recruited from STD clinics and health service centers (925 women and 571 men). The authors tested 4 separate-sex confirmatory factor analysis models as follows: (a) Condom negotiation efficacy as a unitary construct across situations and gradation of difficulty; (b) situation as preeminent, which transfers across skills whatever the gradation of difficulty; (c) skill as predominant, irrespective of situation; and (d) a multidimensional design that simultaneously accounts for both situation and graded difficulty. Consistent with Bandura's theory, the multidimensional model provided the best fit for both samples.


  • thumnail for Murphy 2001 Health Psych 20 281.pdf Murphy 2001 Health Psych 20 281.pdf application/pdf 1.27 MB Download File

Also Published In

Health Psychology

More About This Work

Academic Units
Social Work
Published Here
April 12, 2018