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Effects of Interfacial Geometry on Laser Joining of Dissimilar NiTi to Stainless Steel Wires

Brandal, Grant Bjørn; Satoh, Gen; Yao, Y. Lawrence; Naveed, Syed

Joining of the dissimilar metal pair NiTi to stainless steel is of great interest for implantable biomedical applications. Formation of brittle intermetallic phases requires that the joining processes limit the amount of over-melting and mixing along the interface. Thus, laser joining is a preferred method due to its ability to precisely control heat input. This study explores a method of using a cup and cone interfacial geometry, with no filler material, to increase the tensile strength of the joint. Not only does the cup and cone geometry increase the surface area of the interface, but it also introduces a shear component, which is shown to be beneficial to tensile strength of the wire as well. The fracture strength for various cone apex angles and laser powers is determined. Compositional profiles of the interfaces are analyzed. A numerical model is used for explanation of the processing.

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Academic Units
Mechanical Engineering
Published Here
July 9, 2013
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