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FAP-1 Association with Fas (Apo-1) Inhibits Fas Expression on the Cell Surface

Ivanov, Vladimir N.; Lopez Bergami, Pablo; Maulit, Gabriel; Sato, Taka-Aki; Sassoon, David; Ronai, Ze'ev

As revealed by intracellular pools of nonactive Fas (Apo-1), export of Fas to the cell surface is often impaired in human tumors, thereby inactivating Fas ligand-mediated apoptosis. Here, we demonstrate that association with Fas-associated phosphatase 1 (FAP-1) attenuates Fas export to the cell surface. Forced expression of FAP-1 reduces cell surface Fas levels and increases the intracellular pool of Fas within the cytoskeleton network. Conversely, expression of dominant-negative forms of FAP-1, or inhibition of FAP-1 expression by short interfering RNA, efficiently up-regulates surface expression of Fas. Inhibition of Fas surface expression by FAP-1 depends on its association with the C terminus of Fas. Mutation within amino acid 275 results in decreased association with FAP-1 and greater export of Fas to the cell surface in melanomas, normal fibroblasts, or Fas null cells. Identifying the role of FAP-1 in binding to, and consequently inhibition of, Fas export to the cell surface provides novel insight into the mechanism underlying the regulation of Fas trafficking, which is commonly impaired in advanced tumors with FAP-1 overexpression.

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Title
Molecular and Cellular Biology
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1128/MCB.23.10.3623-3635.2003

More About This Work

Academic Units
Center for Radiological Research
Publisher
American Society for Microbiology
Published Here
August 31, 2015