Theses Doctoral

Data Analysis for the E and B EXperiment and Instrumentation Development for Cosmic Microwave Background Polarimetry

Araujo, Derek Carl

The E and B EXperiment (EBEX) was a balloon-borne instrument designed to measure the polarization of the cosmic microwave background (CMB) while simultaneously characterizing Galactic dust emission. The instrument was based on a two-mirror ambient temperature Gregorian-Dragone telescope coupled with cooled refractive optics to a kilo-pixel array of transition edge sensor (TES) bolometeric detectors. To achieve sensitivity to both the CMB signal and Galactic foregrounds, EBEX observed in three signal bands centered on 150, 250, and 410 GHz. Polarimetry was achieved via a stationary wire-grid polarizer and a continuously rotating achromatic half-wave plate (HWP) based on a superconducting magnetic bearing (SMB). EBEX launched from McMurdo station, Antarctica on December 29, 2012 and collected ~ 1.3 TB of data during 11 days of observation.
This thesis is presented in two Parts. Part I reviews the data analysis we performed to transform the raw EBEX data into maps of temperature and polarization sky signals, with a particular focus on post-flight pointing reconstruction; time stream cleaning and map making; the generation of model sky maps of the expected signal for each of the three EBEX signal bands; removal of the HWP-synchronous signal from the detector time streams; and our attempts to identify, characterize, and correct for non-linear detector responsivity. In Part II we present recent developments in instrumentation for the next generation of CMB polarimeters. The developments we describe, including advances in lumped-element kinetic inductance detector (LEKID) technology and the development of a hollow-shaft SMB-based motor for use in HWP polarimetry, were motivated in part by the design for a prospective ground-based CMB polarimeter based in Greenland.


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More About This Work

Academic Units
Thesis Advisors
Miller, Amber D.
Ph.D., Columbia University
Published Here
July 29, 2017