Addressing the Water Crisis in Gujarat, India

Narula, Kapil Kumar; Fishman, Ram; Modi, Vijay; Polycarpou, Lakis

This paper presents the results of the Columbia Water Center's study of the severe groundwater crisis in the Mehsana region of Northern Gujarat, India. The study concludes that the current pattern of groundwater exploitation is both costly for the state and unsustainable for farmers, and could lead to the complete failure of agriculture in the area within a few years if left unchecked. The study, funded by the PepsiCo Foundation, was conducted as the first phase of a CWC project to design more sustainable policy options to help conserve water and energy while improving farmer incomes in North Gujarat; future papers will outline the initial outcomes of the area pilot project along with resulting recommendations for policymakers in the area.

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Columbia Water Center
Columbia Water Center, Earth Institute, Columbia University
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October 18, 2012