Implications of a comparison of the stratigraphy and depositional environments of the Argana (Morocco) and Fundy (Nova Scotia, Canada) Permian-Jurassic basins

Olsen, Paul E.; Kent, Dennis V.; Fowell, Sarah J.; Schlische, Roy W.; Withjack, Martha O.; LeTourneau, Peter M.

The Argana rift basin of Morocco and the Fundy rift basin of the Maritime Provinces of Eastern Canada are on the conjugate margins of the central Atlantic Ocean. In the Late Triassic and Early Jurassic these basins lie at similar paleolatitudes within the same great rift system. A comparison of the depositional- and tectono-stratigraphy reveal strong similarities, much greater that those shared between the Fundy basin and other rifts in eastern North America. Both the Argana and Fundy basins are comprised of four, mostly unconformity-bound, tectonostratigraphic sequences (TS I-IV) probably controlled by pulses of extension: TS I, is Permian in age and the depositional facies of the Argana basin looks more humid than the age equivalent in the Fundy basin and the latter may not be a rift sequence; TS II, is early Late Triassic (Carnian) in age and is the most humid looking facies in both basins; TS III, is late Late Triassic (Norian and Rhaetian) in age and is much more arid in both basins with abundant aeolianites and evaporites; TS IV, is latest Triassic and earliest Jurassic (late Rhaetian - early Hettangian) and shows an increase in the range of variability in climate-sensitive facies - its basal part contains the Triassic-Jurassic boundary an overlying basalt flow sequence and additional fluvial and lacustrine strata on top. The dramatic similarity in both facies and sequence stratigraphy between the Argana and Fundy basins, at least during the Triassic, argues for similar tectonic control, restricted to that latitudinal swath of Pangea, as well as similar paleoclimate.

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Le Permien et le Trias du Maroc: Actes de la Premiere Reunion du Groupe Marocain du Permien et du Trias
Hilal Impression

More About This Work

Academic Units
Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory
Biology and Paleo Environment
Published Here
February 3, 2012