Academic Commons

Articles

Persisting Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Symptoms and their Relationship to Functioning in Vietnam Veterans: A 14-Year Follow-Up

Koenen, Karestan C.; Stellman, Steven D.; Sommer, Jr., John F.; Stellman, Jeanne M.

The authors examined the longitudinal association between persisting posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms and multiple domains of life functioning in a community sample of 1,377 American Legionnaire Vietnam veterans first assessed in 1984 and followed-up 14 years later. Almost 30 years after their return from Vietnam, 10% of veterans continued to experience severe PTSD symptoms. At all levels of combat exposure, persisting severe PTSD symptoms were associated with worse family relationships, more smoking, less life satisfaction and happiness, more mental health service use, and more nonspecific health complaints at the 14-year follow-up. Further investigation is needed to determine whether the PTSD-functioning relationship is causal and if successful treatment of PTSD is associated with improvement in functioning.

Files

  • thumnail for Koenen_2008_Persistent_PTSD_JTS.pdf Koenen_2008_Persistent_PTSD_JTS.pdf application/pdf 137 KB Download File

Also Published In

Title
Journal of Traumatic Stress
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1002/jts.20304

More About This Work

Academic Units
Epidemiology
Mailman School of Public Health
Published Here
September 17, 2014
Academic Commons provides global access to research and scholarship produced at Columbia University, Barnard College, Teachers College, Union Theological Seminary and Jewish Theological Seminary. Academic Commons is managed by the Columbia University Libraries.