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Impact of a Home Sharing Platform on the Rental Housing Market in New York City

Seo, Jeongwon

Home sharing platforms have been creating a disturbance to existing rules and balances in rental housing market by expanding the use of traditional rental apartments as places for tourist, by facilitating the conversion of long-term apartment to short-term rentals, and by providing the way for landlords to capture full market values with their properties. The alternation of dynamics among stakeholders in rental housing market triggered a huge debate.
In determining whether a home sharing platform affecting on the rental housing market in New York City, this paper tested if Airbnb units take rental units off, increase rents, exacerbate rent burdens on renter population, and cause renter evictions by using difference-in-differences methodology which looks at values in two different neighborhood groups in two different time periods.
The result showed that the home sharing platform did not have significant influence upon New York CityUs rental housing affordability nor showed any evidence of causing renter evictions. Even though numbers do not support the existing arguments, things can be interpreted differently by adding different contexts in the housing market. The number of Airbnb units and duration of the Airbnb effect may not be yet reached to the point where it starts to effect on rental housing market and cancels out other factors that effects on the market. Further studies are necessary in the future to capture its impact on rental housing market.

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More About This Work

Academic Units
Urban Planning
Thesis Advisors
Freeman, Lance M.
Degree
M.S., Columbia University
Published Here
June 28, 2016