Recruitment of Minority Women and Their Main Sexual Partners in an HIV/STI Prevention Trial

Witte, Susan S.; El-Bassel, Nabila; Gilbert, Louisa; Wu, Elwin; Chang, Mingway P.; Steinglass, Peter

Recruiting heterosexual couples into randomized clinical trials (RCTs) to test the efficacy of HIV/sexually transmitted infection (STI) prevention interventions is a challenge that requires innovative strategies and consideration of ethical issues, including participant safety and confidentiality. Methods: This paper provides a brief review of the literature on minority and couple RCT recruitment and describes the development (preparation phase and protocol development) and implementation (strategies employed and barriers) of a recruitment protocol that safely enrolled 217 predominantly African American and Latino heterosexual couples into a relationship- based, HIV/STI prevention study. Results: The success of this recruitment protocol with no reported adverse events demonstrates the feasibility of engaging urban minority women and men in RCTs. This study builds on a small literature base articulating specific couple recruitment strategies. Conclusion: More research delineating and testing specific strategies for recruiting defined populations into clinical trials is needed to advance the science of study recruitment and improve generalizability of research findings.


Also Published In

Journal of Women's Health

More About This Work

Academic Units
Social Work
Published Here
April 5, 2012