Academic Commons

Articles

Quantification of Myocardial Perfusion in Human Subjects Using 82Rb and Wavelet-Based Noise Reduction

Lin, Jou-Wei; Sciacca, Robert R.; Chou, Ru-Ling; Laine, Andrew F.; Bergmann, Steven R.

Quantification of myocardial perfusion with 82Rb has been difficult to achieve because of the low signal-to-noise ratio of the dynamic data curves. This study evaluated the accuracy of flow estimates after the application of a novel multidimensional wavelet-based noise-reduction protocol. Methods: Myocardial perfusion was estimated using 82Rb and a two-compartment model from dynamic PET scans on 11 healthy volunteers at rest and after hyperemic stress with dipyridamole. Midventricular planes were divided into eight regions of interest, and a wavelet transform protocol was applied to images and time–activity curves. Flow estimates without and with the wavelet approach were compared with those obtained using H215O. Results: Over a wide flow range (0.45–2.75 mL/g/min), flow achieved with the wavelet approach correlated extremely closely with values obtained with H215O (y = 1.03 x -0.12; n = 23 studies, r = 0.94, P < 0.001). If the wavelet noise-reduction technique was not used, the correlation was less strong (y = 1.11 x + 0.24; n = 23 studies, r = 0.79, P < 0.001). In addition, the wavelet approach reduced the regional variation from 75% to 12% and from 62% to 11% (P < 0.001 for each comparison) for resting and stress studies, respectively. Conclusion: The use of a wavelet protocol allows near-optimal noise reduction, markedly enhances the physiologic flow signal within the PET images, and enables accurate measurement of myocardial perfusion with 82Rb in human subjects over a wide range of flows.

Files

Also Published In

Title
Journal of Nuclear Medicine

More About This Work

Academic Units
Biomedical Engineering
Published Here
August 11, 2010
Academic Commons provides global access to research and scholarship produced at Columbia University, Barnard College, Teachers College, Union Theological Seminary and Jewish Theological Seminary. Academic Commons is managed by the Columbia University Libraries.