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Influence of current velocity and wind speed on air-water gas exchange in a mangrove estuary

Ho, David T.; Coffineau, Nathalie; Hickman, Benjamin; Chow, Nicholas; Koffman, Tobias N.; Schlosser, Peter

Knowledge of air-water gas transfer velocities and water residence times is necessary to study the fate of mangrove derived carbon exported into surrounding estuaries and ultimately to determine carbon balances in mangrove ecosystems. For the first time, the 3He/SF6 dual tracer technique, which has been proven to be a powerful tool to determine gas transfer velocities in the ocean, is applied to Shark River, an estuary situated in the largest contiguous mangrove forest in North America. The mean gas transfer velocity was 3.3 ± 0.2 cm h−1 during the experiment, with a water residence time of 16.5 ± 2.0 days. We propose a gas exchange parameterization that takes into account the major sources of turbulence in the estuary (i.e., bottom generated shear and wind stress).

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Also Published In

Title
Geophysical Research Letters
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1002/2016GL068727

More About This Work

Academic Units
Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory
Geochemistry
Earth and Environmental Engineering
Earth and Environmental Sciences
Earth Institute
Publisher
American Geophysical Union
Published Here
June 15, 2016