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A Framework for 3D Pushbroom Imaging

Ichimura, Naoyuki; Nayar, Shree K.

Pushbroom cameras produce one-dimensional images of a scene with high resolution at a high frame-rate. As a result, they provide superior data compared to conventional two-dimensional cameras in cases where the scene of interest can be temporally scanned. In this paper, we consider the problem of recovering the structure of a scene using a set of pushbroom cameras. Although pushbroom cameras have been used to recover scene structure in the past, the algorithms for recovery were developed separately for different camera motions such as translation and rotation. In this paper, we present a general framework of structure recovery for pushbroom cameras with 6 degree-of-freedom motion. We analyze the translation and rotation cases using our framework and demonstrate that several previous results are really special cases of our result. Using this framework, we also show that three or more pushbroom cameras can be used to compute scene structure as well as motion of translation or rotation. We conclude with a set of experiments that demonstrate the use of pushbroom imaging to recover structure from unknown motion.

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Academic Units
Computer Science
Publisher
Department of Computer Science, Columbia University
Series
Columbia University Computer Science Technical Reports, CUCS-002-03
Published Here
April 26, 2011
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