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Testing posttraumatic stress as a mediator of physical, sexual, and psychological intimate partner violence and substance problems among women

Sullivan, Tami P.; Cavanaugh, Courtenay E.; Buckner, Julia D.; Edmondson, Donald E.

This study examined whether posttraumatic stress specifically resulting from intimate partner violence (IPV-related posttraumatic stress) mediated relationships between types of IPV and drug and alcohol problems among 212 women currently experiencing IPV. Six-month prevalence was high for drug use (48%) and alcohol use (59%). Structural equation modeling revealed that the frequency of physical, sexual, and psychological IPV were significantly and positively related to greater IPV-related posttraumatic stress, and IPV-related posttraumatic stress was significantly and positively related to drug problems. Further, IPV-related posttraumatic stress mediated the relationships between physical IPV and drug problems and psychological IPV and drug problems. Findings suggest that prevention and intervention efforts targeting posttraumatic stress among IPV-exposed women may reduce drug problems in this population.

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Also Published In

Title
Journal of Traumatic Stress
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1002/jts.20474

More About This Work

Academic Units
Center for Behavioral Cardiovascular Health
Publisher
Wiley
Published Here
July 9, 2016