Orbital tuning of geomagnetic polarity time-scales

Kent, Dennis V.

Milankovitch climate cyclicity and magnetic polarity stratigraphy are being successfully combined as a powerful geochronometer in the astronomical polarity time-scale (APTS). The APTS for 0 to 5.23 Ma has been rapidly accepted as the definitive chronology for the Pliocene and Pleistocene against which even high precision radiometric dating is now calibrated. Extensions of astronomical calibration to the late Miocene (5.23 Ma to ca.10 Ma) in Mediterranean and Pacific marine sections may show mutual disagreements on the order of a 100 ka eccentricity cycle, which amounts to an uncertainty of only ca.1% the age. Orbital eccentricity periods are thought to remain stable over very long times and thus provide the possibility of precise relative age control in the pre-Neogene. An APTS, for example, has been developed in a thick lacustrine section of Late Triassic age (ca.202 to 233 Ma) on the basis of the 404 ka orbital eccentricity cycle modulating the expression of the precession climate cyclicity. Finally, there has been renewed speculation about an obliquity-modulated precessional geodynamo based on periodicities in relative palaeointensity data from Ocean Drilling Program sediment cores.



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Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society. A

More About This Work

Academic Units
Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory
Biology and Paleo Environment
Published Here
January 19, 2012