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Relationship of Office and Ambulatory Blood Pressure With Left Ventricular Global Longitudinal Strain

Sera, Fusako; Jin, Zhezhen; Russo, Cesare; Lee, Edward S.; Schwartz, Joseph E.; Rundek, Tatjana; Elkind, Mitchell S.; Homma, Shunichi; Sacco, Ralph L.; Di Tullio, Marco R.

BACKGROUND:
Left ventricular (LV) global longitudinal strain (GLS) is an early indicator of subclinical cardiac dysfunction, even when LV ejection fraction (LVEF) is normal, and is an independent predictor of cardiovascular events. Ambulatory blood pressure (BP) is a better predictor of cardiovascular events, including heart failure, than office BP. We investigated the association of office and ambulatory BP measurements with subclinical LV systolic dysfunction in a community-based cohort with normal LVEF.

METHODS:
Two-dimensional speckle-tracking echocardiography and 24-hour ambulatory BP monitoring were performed in 577 participants (mean age 70±9 years; 60% women) with LVEF ≥50% from the Cardiovascular Abnormalities and Brain Lesions (CABL) study. Univariable and multivariable linear regression analyses were used to assess the associations of BP measures with GLS.

RESULTS:
Higher ambulatory and office BP values were consistently associated with impaired GLS. After adjustment for pertinent covariates (age, sex, race/ethnicity, body mass index, diabetes mellitus, coronary artery disease, LV mass index, and antihypertensive medication), office diastolic BP and ambulatory systolic and diastolic BPs (24-hour, daytime and nighttime) were independently associated with GLS (P = 0.003 for office DBP, P ≤ 0.001 for all ambulatory BPs). When ambulatory and office BP values were included in the same model, all ambulatory BP measures remained significantly associated with GLS (all P < 0.01), whereas office BP values were not.

CONCLUSIONS:
Ambulatory BP values are significantly associated with impaired GLS and the association is stronger than for office BP. Ambulatory BP monitoring might have a role in the risk stratification of hypertensive patients for early LV dysfunction.

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Also Published In

Title
American Journal of Hypertension
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1093/ajh/hpv188

More About This Work

Academic Units
Medicine
Neurology
Epidemiology
Center for Behavioral Cardiovascular Health
Published Here
January 8, 2018
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