Theses Doctoral

Topics in Signal Processing: applications in genomics and genetics

Elmas, Abdulkadir

The information in genomic or genetic data is influenced by various complex processes and appropriate mathematical modeling is required for studying the underlying processes and the data. This dissertation focuses on the formulation of mathematical models for certain problems in genomics and genetics studies and the development of algorithms for proposing efficient solutions. A Bayesian approach for the transcription factor (TF) motif discovery is examined and the extensions are proposed to deal with many interdependent parameters of the TF-DNA binding. The problem is described by statistical terms and a sequential Monte Carlo sampling method is employed for the estimation of unknown parameters. In particular, a class-based resampling approach is applied for the accurate estimation of a set of intrinsic properties of the DNA binding sites. Through statistical analysis of the gene expressions, a motif-based computational approach is developed for the inference of novel regulatory networks in a given bacterial genome. To deal with high false-discovery rates in the genome-wide TF binding predictions, the discriminative learning approaches are examined in the context of sequence classification, and a novel mathematical model is introduced to the family of kernel-based Support Vector Machines classifiers. Furthermore, the problem of haplotype phasing is examined based on the genetic data obtained from cost-effective genotyping technologies. Based on the identification and augmentation of a small and relatively more informative genotype set, a sparse dictionary selection algorithm is developed to infer the haplotype pairs for the sampled population. In a relevant context, to detect redundant information in the single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) sites, the problem of representative (tag) SNP selection is introduced. An information theoretic heuristic is designed for the accurate selection of tag SNPs that capture the genetic diversity in a large sample set from multiple populations. The method is based on a multi-locus mutual information measure, reflecting a biological principle in the population genetics that is linkage disequilibrium.


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More About This Work

Academic Units
Electrical Engineering
Thesis Advisors
Wang, Xiaodong
Ph.D., Columbia University
Published Here
September 9, 2016