Promoting College Access and Success: A Review of Credit-Based Transition Programs

Bailey, Thomas R.; Karp, Melinda Jane Mechur

Many argue that the disconnection between the K-12 and postsecondary systems is a fundamental cause of the seeming inability of high schools to prepare many students for college. One approach to facilitating the transition to college, which has grown dramatically in the last decade, is to allow high school students to take college courses and to earn college credit while still in high school. We refer to these programs as credit-based transition programs. Traditionally used to accelerate the progress of high-achieving college-bound youth, they have gained attention recently as a way to facilitate college access and success for middle-and even lower-performing students. This paper seeks to answer some of the many questions that exist about credit-based transition programs. The authors reviewed 45 published and unpublished reports,articles, and books on the most common credit-based transition programs -- dual enrollment, Advanced Placement, International Baccalaureate (IB), TechPrep, and middle college high schools -- to examine the programs and their characteristics, and to review what is known about their ability to increase college success for students.


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More About This Work

Academic Units
Community College Research Center
Community College Research Center, Teachers College, Columbia University
Published Here
April 4, 2014