Theses Doctoral

Role of Menopause-Related Factors and Depression in Cardiovascular Disease Risk and Bone Loss in Postmenopausal Minority Women with HIV: A Secondary Analysis

Cortes, Yamnia Ivelisse

An aging HIV population carries a magnified risk of degenerative conditions such as cardiovascular disease (CVD) and osteoporosis. Recent studies have demonstrated that the growing population of older HIV-infected women is at special risk for these complications. To what extent the metabolic consequences of menopause or other related disease predictors such as depression influence this gender disparity is not known. The overall goal of this dissertation is to better characterize the etiology of low bone density and accelerated CVD in HIV-infected postmenopausal women. Current gaps in knowledge surrounding women aging with HIV, particularly as it relates to CVD and bone loss, are discussed in Chapter One. Chapter Two reports findings from a systematic review of low bone density and fractures in HIV-infected postmenopausal women. To gain a better understanding of CVD risk in HIV-infected postmenopausal minority women, a cross-sectional study was conducted and is presented in Chapter Three. Quantitative findings from a longitudinal analysis of bone density in postmenopausal minority women with HIV are reported in Chapter Four. Finally, in Chapter Five, findings from the previous chapters are summarized and synthesized into a concluding chapter; implications and future recommendations are also discussed.


  • thumnail for Cortes_columbia_0054D_12830.pdf Cortes_columbia_0054D_12830.pdf application/pdf 1.4 MB Download File

More About This Work

Academic Units
Thesis Advisors
Reame, Nancy
Ph.D., Columbia University
Published Here
July 10, 2015