Design and Synthesis of Neuroprotective Methylthiazoles and Modification as NO-Chimeras for Neurodegenerative Therapy

Qin, Zhihui; Luo, Jia; VrandeVrede, Lawren; Tavassoli, Ehsan; Fa, Mauro; Teich, Andrew Franklin; Arancio, Ottavio; Thatcher, Gregory R. J.

Learning and memory deficits in Alzheimer’s disease (AD) result from synaptic failure and neuronal loss, the latter caused in part by excitotoxicity and oxidative stress. A therapeutic approach is described that uses NO-chimeras directed at restoration of both synaptic function and neuroprotection. 4-Methylthiazole (MZ) derivatives were synthesized, based upon a lead neuroprotective pharmacophore acting in part by GABAA receptor potentiation. MZ derivatives were assayed for protection of primary neurons against oxygen−glucose deprivation and excitotoxicity. Selected neuroprotective derivatives were incorporated into NO-chimera prodrugs, coined nomethiazoles. To provide proof of concept for the nomethiazole drug class, selected examples were assayed for restoration of synaptic function in hippocampal slices from AD-transgenic mice, reversal of cognitive deficits, and brain bioavailability of the prodrug and its neuroprotective MZ metabolite. Taken together, the assay data suggest that these chimeric nomethiazoles may be of use in treatment of multiple components of neurodegenerative disorders, such as AD.


Also Published In

Journal of Medicinal Chemistry

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Academic Units
Pathology and Cell Biology
Published Here
May 5, 2014