Academic Commons


Cracking and damage from crystallization in pores: Coupled chemo-hydro-mechanics and phase-field modeling

Choo, Jinhyun; Sun, WaiChing

Cracking and damage from crystallization of minerals in pores center on a wide range of problems, from weathering and deterioration of structures to storage of CO2 via in situ carbonation. Here we develop a theoretical and computational framework for modeling these crystallization-induced deformation and fracture in fluid-infiltrated porous materials. Conservation laws are formulated for coupled chemo-hydro-mechanical processes in a multiphase material composed of the solid matrix, liquid solution, gas, and crystals. We then derive an expression for the effective stress tensor that is energy-conjugate to the strain rate of a porous material containing crystals growing in pores. This form of effective stress incorporates the excess pore pressure exerted by crystal growth – the crystallization pressure – which has been recognized as the direct cause of deformation and fracture during crystallization in pores. Continuum thermodynamics is further exploited to formalize a constitutive framework for porous media subject to crystal growth. The chemo-hydro-mechanical model is then coupled with a phase-field approach to fracture which enables simulation of complex fractures without explicitly tracking their geometry. For robust and efficient solution of the initial–boundary value problem at hand, we utilize a combination of finite element and finite volume methods and devise a block-partitioned preconditioning strategy. Through numerical examples we demonstrate the capability of the proposed modeling frameworkfor simulating complex interactions among unsaturated flow, crystallization kinetics, and cracking in the solid matrix.


  • thumnail for 1-s2.0-S0045782518300513-main (1).pdf 1-s2.0-S0045782518300513-main (1).pdf application/pdf 1.14 MB Download File

Also Published In

Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering

More About This Work

Published Here
March 24, 2018
Academic Commons provides global access to research and scholarship produced at Columbia University, Barnard College, Teachers College, Union Theological Seminary and Jewish Theological Seminary. Academic Commons is managed by the Columbia University Libraries.