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Education and Marriage Decisions of Japanese Women and the Role of the Equal Employment Opportunity Act

Edwards, Linda; Hasebe, Takuya; Sakai, Tadashi

Prompted by concordant upward trends in both the university advancement rate and the unmarried rate for Japanese women, this paper investigates whether the Equal Employment Opportunity Act (EEOA), which was passed in 1985, affected women’s marriage decisions either directly or via their decisions to pursue university education. To this end, we estimate a model that treats education and marriage decisions as jointly determined using longitudinal data for Japanese women. We find strong support for the proposition that the passage of the EEOA increased the deterrent effect of university education on marriage, but only inconclusive evidence that the Act increased the proportion of women with a university education.

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Publisher
Center on Japanese Economy and Business, Graduate School of Business, Columbia University
Publication Origin
New York
Series
Center on Japanese Economy and Business Working Papers, 346
Academic Units
Center on Japanese Economy and Business
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