Theses Master's

Implications of Religious Tourism Planning on Makkah Residents: A Critical Analysis of the Land Expropriation Process

Al Sudairy, Jawaher Z. A.

The city of Makkah, a symbol for Islam and a destination for Muslims all over the world, receives over 9 million pilgrims each year, 3 million of which arrive in the city at once for the annual Hajj. The persistent flow of pilgrims into the city has placed pressure on the government to expand Makkah's infrastructure capacity. It has also attracted major private developments to the city's core, including retail malls, serviced apartments and commercial high-rises. Such emphasis on tourism planning and development has had significant implications on Makkah's residents, many of whom have been displaced by recent developments. Hence, the purpose of this study is to examine the impact of Makkah's trajectory of development, specifically in the application of the land expropriation policy, on the city's resident community, both nationals and foreign immigrants.


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More About This Work

Academic Units
Urban Planning
Thesis Advisors
Sutton, Stacey
M.S., Columbia University
Published Here
October 21, 2015