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Deconvolution of cell type-specific drug responses in human tumor tissue with single-cell RNA-seq

Zhao, Wenting; Dovas, Athanassios; Spinazzi, Eleonora F.; Levitin, Hanna M.; Banu, Matei A.; Upadhyayula, Pavan; Sudhakar, Tejaswi; Marie, Tamara; Otten, Marc L.; Sisti, Michael B.; Bruce, Jeffrey N.; Canoll, Peter; Sims, Peter A.

Background
Preclinical studies require models that recapitulate the cellular diversity of human tumors and provide insight into the drug sensitivities of specific cellular populations. The ideal platform would enable rapid screening of cell type-specific drug sensitivities directly in patient tumor tissue and reveal strategies to overcome intratumoral heterogeneity.


Methods
We combine multiplexed drug perturbation in acute slice culture from freshly resected tumors with single-cell RNA sequencing (scRNA-seq) to profile transcriptome-wide drug responses in individual patients. We applied this approach to drug perturbations on slices derived from six glioblastoma (GBM) resections to identify conserved drug responses and to one additional GBM resection to identify patient-specific responses.


Results
We used scRNA-seq to demonstrate that acute slice cultures recapitulate the cellular and molecular features of the originating tumor tissue and the feasibility of drug screening from an individual tumor. Detailed investigation of etoposide, a topoisomerase poison, and the histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitor panobinostat in acute slice cultures revealed cell type-specific responses across multiple patients. Etoposide has a conserved impact on proliferating tumor cells, while panobinostat treatment affects both tumor and non-tumor populations, including unexpected effects on the immune microenvironment.


Conclusions
Acute slice cultures recapitulate the major cellular and molecular features of GBM at the single-cell level. In combination with scRNA-seq, this approach enables cell type-specific analysis of sensitivity to multiple drugs in individual tumors. We anticipate that this approach will facilitate pre-clinical studies that identify effective therapies for solid tumors.

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Also Published In

Title
Genome Medicine
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1186/s13073-021-00894-y

More About This Work

Published Here
August 10, 2022

Notes

Glioblastoma, Single-cell RNA sequencing (scRNA-seq), Tissue slice culture, Tumor heterogeneity, Drug perturbation, Etoposide, Panobinostat, Tumor microenvironment