Dementia after stroke: baseline frequency, risks, and clinical features in a hospitalized cohort

Tatemichi, T K; Desmond, D W; Mayeux, R; Paik, M; Stern, Yaakov; Sano, M; Remien, R H; Williams, J B W; Mohr, J P; Hauser, W A

We determined the frequency of dementia in a cohort of 251 patients aged ⩾60 years hospitalized with acute ischemie stroke, based on examinations performed 3 months after stroke onset. Using modified DSM-III-R criteria, we found dementia in 66 patients (26.3%). Diagnostic agreement among raters was excellent (kappa = 0.96). In a control sample of 249 stroke-free subjects recruited from the community and matched by age, we found dementia in eight subjects (3.2%). Using a logistic regression model to estimate the risk of dementia associated with stroke in the combined samples, the odds ratio (OR) for stroke patients compared with control subjects was 9.4 (p <0.001). Advancing age and fewer years of education were significant, independent correlates of dementia, with a trend evident for race (non-white versus white). Confining the analysis to subjects residing in the Washington Heights-Inwood community of northern Manhattan, the OR was 10.3 (p <0.001) with significant age and race effects. We conclude that ischemie stroke significantly increases the risk of dementia, with independent contributions by age, education, and race.



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February 11, 2022