Theses Doctoral

A Telehealth Simulation Experiment: Exploring Prebriefing

Owen, Nancy Spear

The COVID pandemic led to a sudden expansion of telehealth in the delivery of nursing services. At the same time, nursing education was forced to extend clinical learning to online approaches. However, telehealth clinical experiences are limited in the nursing curricula of entry-level programs. Nursing simulation is an educational activity that prepares students for clinical practice by supporting the learning of fundamental clinical competencies. This study was designed to explore prebriefing methods for simulation to prepare entry-level nursing students for telehealth patient care visits.

Standardized patient (SP) methodology was used to simulate a telehealth video conferencing call for an infectious disease case interview. Simulations were conducted remotely using Zoom technology with breakout rooms adhering to Healthcare Simulation Standards of Best PracticeTM, and informed by NLN Jeffries Simulation Theory and Experiential Learning Theory. The experiment compared two different methods for prebriefing: traditional prebriefing with a narrated script and structured prebriefing with a narration script plus learners viewed a role modeling video and participated in guided reflection. Participants from one private university in the Northeast (N =126) were randomized and simulations took place over one semester.

In conclusion, the standardized patient simulations were an effective teaching strategy for developing fundamental telehealth skills of therapeutic communication and confidence with patient safety. Learners in the structured prebriefing group had significantly higher scores for confidence in quality and safety, faculty assessed therapeutic communication, and simulation effectiveness. There were significant improvements of therapeutic communication scores over time for both groups, but there were no differences between groups. Future research might extend the explanations of how to best prepare learners for telehealth experiences; it is important to further explore telehealth clinical competencies with entry-level nursing students.


  • thumnail for Owen_tc.columbia_0055E_11324.pdf Owen_tc.columbia_0055E_11324.pdf application/pdf 1.85 MB Download File

More About This Work

Academic Units
Health and Behavior Studies
Thesis Advisors
Kaur, Tresa
Ed.D., Teachers Columbia, Columbia University
Published Here
November 9, 2022