Theses Doctoral

ARP2/3- and resection-coupled genome reorganization into repair domains facilitates chromosome translocations

Zagelbaum, Jennifer

DNA end-resection and nuclear actin-based movements orchestrate clustering of double-strandbreaks (DSBs) into homology-directed repair (HDR) domains. Using genomic approaches, we analyze how actin nucleation by ARP2/3 affects damage-dependent and -independent 3D genome reorganization and facilitates pathologic repair.

Chromosome conformation capture techniques (Hi-C) reveal multi-scale alterations in genome organization following damage, including changes in chromatin insulation and compartmentalization. Nuclear actin polymerization promotes interactions between DSBs, which in turn facilitates aberrant intra- and inter-chromosomal rearrangements as visualized by high-throughput translocation assays (HTGTS).

Notably, BRCA1 deficiency, which decreases end-resection, DSB mobility, and subsequent HDR, nearly abrogates recurrent translocations between AsiSI DSBs. In contrast, loss of functional BRCA1 yields unique translocations genome-wide, reflecting a critical role in preventing spontaneous genome instability and subsequent rearrangements. Our work establishes that the assembly of DSB repair domains is coordinated with multiscale alterations in genome architecture that enable HDR despite increased risk of translocations with pathologic potential.


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More About This Work

Academic Units
Cellular, Molecular and Biomedical Studies
Thesis Advisors
Gautier, Jean J.
Ph.D., Columbia University
Published Here
January 26, 2022