An apparatus to measure frictional, inelastic, and viscous behavior in ice at temperate and planetary conditions
- An apparatus to measure frictional, inelastic, and viscous behavior in ice at temperate and planetary conditions
- McCarthy, Christine
Savage, Heather Moore
Koczynski, Theodore A.
Nielson, Michael Andrew
- Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory
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- Review of Scientific Instruments
- In this paper, we describe a cryogenic, servo-controlled biaxial friction apparatus designed to measure the deformational behaviors of ice. The apparatus is specifically designed to accurately achieve and measure the low differential stresses applicable to deforming ice on earth and on icy satellites. We can apply loads in the range ∼2–1800 kPa and velocities up to 4 mm/s, with resolution of 39 Pa and 0.7 μm, respectively. Precise temperature control, measurement, and insulation allow testing at constant temperature (from −2 to −30 °C) for prolonged periods of time. The apparatus is tested with various plastics as well as with polycrystalline ice samples and the results are consistent with previously published values. Critical components of the instrument are described along with examples of data collection schemes and preliminary results. The flexibility of the design allows for both glaciological and planetary applications over a range of deformational behaviors including friction, anelastic, and viscous.
- Ice mechanics
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- Suggested Citation:
- Christine McCarthy, Heather Moore Savage, Theodore A. Koczynski, Michael Andrew Nielson, 2016, An apparatus to measure frictional, inelastic, and viscous behavior in ice at temperate and planetary conditions, Columbia University Academic Commons, https://doi.org/10.7916/D8JD588X.