Advanced Techniques for High-Throughput Cellular Communications

Allan Yingming Tsai

Advanced Techniques for High-Throughput Cellular Communications
Tsai, Allan Yingming
Thesis Advisor(s):
Wang, Xiaodong
Ph.D., Columbia University
Electrical Engineering
Persistent URL:
The next generation wireless communication systems require ubiquitous high-throughput mobile connectivity under a range of challenging network settings (urban versus rural, high device density, mobility, etc). To improve the performance of the system, the physical layer design is of great importance. The previous research on improving the physical layer properties includes: a) highly directional transmissions that can enhance the throughput and spatial reuse; b) enhanced MIMO that can eliminate contention, enabling linear increase of capacity with number of antennas; c) mmWave technologies which operate on GHz bandwidth to over substantially higher throughput; d) better cooperative spectrum sharing with cognitive radios; e) better multiple access method which can mitigate multiuser interference and allow more multi-users. This dissertation addresses several techniques in the physical layer design of the next generation wireless communication systems. In chapter two, an orthogonal frequency division with code division multiple access (OFDM-CDMA) systems is proposed and a polyphase code is used to improve multiple access performance and make the OFDM signal satisfy the peak to average ratio (PAPR) constraint. Chapter three studies the I/Q imbalance for direct down converter. For wideband transmitter and receiver that use direct conversion for I/Q sampling, the I/Q imbalance becomes a critical issue. With higher I/Q imbalance, there will be higher degradation in quadrature amplitude modulation, which degrades the throughput tremendously. Chapter four investigate a problem of spectrum sharing for cognitive wideband communication. An energy-efficient sub-Nyquist sampling algorithm is developed for optimal sampling and spectrum sensing. In chapter ve, we study the channel estimation of millimeter wave full-dimensional MIMO communication. The problem is formulated as an atomic-norm minimization problem and algorithms are derived for the channel estimation in different situations. In this thesis, mathematical optimization is applied as the main approach to analyze and solve the problems in the physical layer of wireless communication so that the high-throughput is achieved. The algorithms are derived along with the theoretical analysis, which are validated with numerical results.
Electrical engineering
Wireless communication systems
Mathematical optimization
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Suggested Citation:
Allan Yingming Tsai, , Advanced Techniques for High-Throughput Cellular Communications, Columbia University Academic Commons, .

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