The Coupled Boundary Layers and Air–Sea Transfer Experiment in Low Winds

James Edson; Jerry Crescenti; Tom Farrar; Nelson Frew; Greg Gerbi; Albert Plueddemann; John Trowbridge; Robert Weller; Albert J. Williams III; Timothy Crawford; Costas Helmis; Tihomir Hristov; Lian Shen; Djamal Khelif; Andrew Jessup; Haf Jonsson; Ming Li; Larry Mahrt; Eric Skyllingstad; Dean Vickers; Wade R. McGillis; Christopher J. Zappa; Tim Stanton; Qing Wang; Peter Sullivan; Jielun Sun; Shouping Wang; John Wilkin; D. K. P. Yue

The Coupled Boundary Layers and Air–Sea Transfer Experiment in Low Winds
Edson, James
Crescenti, Jerry
Farrar, Tom
Frew, Nelson
Gerbi, Greg
Plueddemann, Albert
Trowbridge, John
Weller, Robert
Williams III, Albert J.
Crawford, Timothy
Helmis, Costas
Hristov, Tihomir
Shen, Lian
Khelif, Djamal
Jessup, Andrew
Jonsson, Haf
Li, Ming
Mahrt, Larry
Skyllingstad, Eric
Vickers, Dean
McGillis, Wade R.
Zappa, Christopher J.
Stanton, Tim
Wang, Qing
Sullivan, Peter
Sun, Jielun
Wang, Shouping
Wilkin, John
Yue, D. K. P.
Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory
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Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society
American Meteorological Society
The Office of Naval Research's Coupled Boundary Layers and Air–Sea Transfer (CBLAST) program is being conducted to investigate the processes that couple the marine boundary layers and govern the exchange of heat, mass, and momentum across the air–sea interface. CBLAST-LOW was designed to investigate these processes at the low-wind extreme where the processes are often driven or strongly modulated by buoyant forcing. The focus was on conditions ranging from negligible wind stress, where buoyant forcing dominates, up to wind speeds where wave breaking and Langmuir circulations play a significant role in the exchange processes. The field program provided observations from a suite of platforms deployed in the coastal ocean south of Martha's Vineyard. Highlights from the measurement campaigns include direct measurement of the momentum and heat fluxes on both sides of the air–sea interface using a specially constructed Air–Sea Interaction Tower (ASIT), and quantification of regional oceanic variability over scales of O (1–104 mm) using a mesoscale mooring array, aircraft-borne remote sensors, drifters, and ship surveys. To our knowledge, the former represents the first successful attempt to directly and simultaneously measure the heat and momentum exchange on both sides of the air–sea interface. The latter provided a 3D picture of the oceanic boundary layer during the month-long main experiment. These observations have been combined with numerical models and direct numerical and large-eddy simulations to investigate the processes that couple the atmosphere and ocean under these conditions. For example, the oceanic measurements have been used in the Regional Ocean Modeling System (ROMS) to investigate the 3D evolution of regional ocean thermal stratification. The ultimate goal of these investigations is to incorporate improved parameterizations of these processes in coupled models such as the Coupled Ocean–Atmosphere Mesoscale Prediction System (COAMPS) to improve marine forecasts of wind, waves, and currents.
Boundary layer (Meteorology)--Mathematical models
Winds--Measurement--Mathematical models
Ocean-atmosphere interaction--Mathematical models
United States. Office of Naval Research
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James Edson, Jerry Crescenti, Tom Farrar, Nelson Frew, Greg Gerbi, Albert Plueddemann, John Trowbridge, Robert Weller, Albert J. Williams III, Timothy Crawford, Costas Helmis, Tihomir Hristov, Lian Shen, Djamal Khelif, Andrew Jessup, Haf Jonsson, Ming Li, Larry Mahrt, Eric Skyllingstad, Dean Vickers, Wade R. McGillis, Christopher J. Zappa, Tim Stanton, Qing Wang, Peter Sullivan, Jielun Sun, Shouping Wang, John Wilkin, D. K. P. Yue, , The Coupled Boundary Layers and Air–Sea Transfer Experiment in Low Winds, Columbia University Academic Commons, .

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