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Timing of meltwater pulse 1a and climate responses to meltwater injections

Jennifer D. Stanford; Eelco J. Rohling; Sally E. Hunter; Andrew P. Roberts; Sune O. Rasmussen; Edouard Bard; Jerry F. McManus; Richard G. Fairbanks

Title:
Timing of meltwater pulse 1a and climate responses to meltwater injections
Author(s):
Stanford, Jennifer D.
Rohling, Eelco J.
Hunter, Sally E.
Roberts, Andrew P.
Rasmussen, Sune O.
Bard, Edouard
McManus, Jerry F.
Fairbanks, Richard G.
Date:
Type:
Articles
Department(s):
Earth and Environmental Sciences
Volume:
21
Persistent URL:
Book/Journal Title:
Paleoceanography
Geographic Area:
North Atlantic Ocean
Publisher:
American Geophysical Union
Abstract:
The temporal relationship between meltwater pulse 1a (mwp-1a) and the climate history of the last deglaciation remains a subject of debate. By combining the Greenland Ice Core Project δ18O ice core record on the new Greenland ice core chronology 2005 timescale with the U/Th-dated Barbados coral record, we conclusively derive that mwp-1a did not coincide with the sharp Bølling warming but instead with the abrupt cooling of the Older Dryas. To evaluate whether there is a relationship between meltwater injections, North Atlantic Deep Water (NADW) formation, and climate change, we present a high-resolution record of NADW flow intensity from Eirik Drift through the last deglaciation. It indicates only a relatively minor 200-year weakening of NADW flow, coincident with mwp-1a. Our compilation of records also indicates that during Heinrich event 1 and the Younger Dryas there were no discernible sea level rises, and yet these periods were characterized by intense NADW slowdowns/shutdowns. Clearly, deepwater formation and climate are not simply controlled by the magnitude or rate of meltwater addition. Instead, our results emphasize that the location of meltwater pulses may be more important, with NADW formation being particularly sensitive to surface freshening in the Arctic/Nordic Seas.
Subject(s):
Sea level--Research
Climatic changes--Research
Meltwater
Chemical oceanography
Hydrology
Paleoclimatology
Publisher DOI:
https://doi.org/10.1029/2006PA001340
Item views
94
Metadata:
text | xml
Suggested Citation:
Jennifer D. Stanford, Eelco J. Rohling, Sally E. Hunter, Andrew P. Roberts, Sune O. Rasmussen, Edouard Bard, Jerry F. McManus, Richard G. Fairbanks, , Timing of meltwater pulse 1a and climate responses to meltwater injections, Columbia University Academic Commons, .

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