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Backward Genotype-Trait Association (BGTA)-Based Dissection of Complex Traits in Case-Control Designs

Tian Zheng; Hui Wang; Shaw-Hwa Lo

Title:
Backward Genotype-Trait Association (BGTA)-Based Dissection of Complex Traits in Case-Control Designs
Author(s):
Zheng, Tian
Wang, Hui
Lo, Shaw-Hwa
Date:
Type:
Articles
Department(s):
Statistics
Microbiology and Immunology
Biostatistics
Volume:
62
Persistent URL:
Book/Journal Title:
Human Heredity
Abstract:
Background: The studies of complex traits project new challenges to current methods that evaluate association between genotypes and a specific trait. Consideration of possible interactions among loci leads to overwhelming dimensions that cannot be handled using current statistical methods. Methods: In this article, we evaluate a multi-marker screening algorithm--the backward genotype-trait association (BGTA) algorithm for case-control designs, which uses unphased multi-locus genotypes. BGTA carries out a global investigation on a candidate marker set and automatically screens out markers carrying diminutive amounts of information regarding the trait in question. To address the "too many possible genotypes, too few informative chromosomes" dilemma of a genomic-scale study that consists of hundreds to thousands of markers, we further investigate a BGTA-based marker selection procedure, in which the screening algorithm is repeated on a large number of random marker subsets. Results of these screenings are then aggregated into counts that the markers are retained by the BGTA algorithm. Markers with exceptional high counts of returns are selected for further analysis. Results and Conclusion: Evaluated using simulations under several disease models, the proposed methods prove to be more powerful in dealing with epistatic traits.We also demonstrate the proposed methods through an application to a study on the inflammatory bowel disease.
Subject(s):
Statistics
Genetics
Biometry
Publisher DOI:
https://doi.org/10.1159/000096995
Item views
136
Metadata:
text | xml
Suggested Citation:
Tian Zheng, Hui Wang, Shaw-Hwa Lo, , Backward Genotype-Trait Association (BGTA)-Based Dissection of Complex Traits in Case-Control Designs, Columbia University Academic Commons, .

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