The Geological Record of Ocean Acidification: Carbonate Chemistry Tutorial

Baerbel Hoenisch; Andy Ridgwell; Daniela N. Schmidt; Ellen Thomas; Samantha J. Gibbs; Appy Sluijs; Richard Zeebe; Rowan C. Martindale; Lee Kump; Sarah E. Greene; Wolfgang Kiessling; Justin Ries; James C. Zachos; Dana L. Royer; Stephen Barker; Thomas M. Marchitto; Ryan Moyer; Carles Pelejero; Patrizia Ziveri; Gavin L. Foster; Branwen Williams

The Geological Record of Ocean Acidification: Carbonate Chemistry Tutorial
Hoenisch, Baerbel
Ridgwell, Andy
Schmidt, Daniela N.
Thomas, Ellen
Gibbs, Samantha J.
Sluijs, Appy
Zeebe, Richard
Martindale, Rowan C.
Kump, Lee
Greene, Sarah E.
Kiessling, Wolfgang
Ries, Justin
Zachos, James C.
Royer, Dana L.
Barker, Stephen
Marchitto, Thomas M.
Moyer, Ryan
Pelejero, Carles
Ziveri, Patrizia
Foster, Gavin L.
Williams, Branwen
Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory
Persistent URL:
Ocean acidification may have severe consequences for marine ecosystems; however, assessing its future impact is difficult because laboratory experiments and field observations are limited by their reduced ecologic complexity and sample period, respectively. In contrast, the geological record contains long-term evidence for a variety of global environmental perturbations, including ocean acidification plus their associated biotic responses. We review events exhibiting evidence for elevated atmospheric CO2, global warming, and ocean acidification over the past ~300 million years of Earth's history, some with contemporaneous extinction or evolutionary turnover among marine calcifiers. Although similarities exist, no past event perfectly parallels future projections in terms of disrupting the balance of ocean carbonate chemistry—a consequence of the unprecedented rapidity of CO2 release currently taking place.
Ocean acidification
Climatic changes
Global warming
Item views
text | xml
Suggested Citation:
Baerbel Hoenisch, Andy Ridgwell, Daniela N. Schmidt, Ellen Thomas, Samantha J. Gibbs, Appy Sluijs, Richard Zeebe, Rowan C. Martindale, Lee Kump, Sarah E. Greene, Wolfgang Kiessling, Justin Ries, James C. Zachos, Dana L. Royer, Stephen Barker, Thomas M. Marchitto, Ryan Moyer, Carles Pelejero, Patrizia Ziveri, Gavin L. Foster, Branwen Williams, , The Geological Record of Ocean Acidification: Carbonate Chemistry Tutorial, Columbia University Academic Commons, .

Columbia University Libraries | Policies | FAQ