Kaon to two pions decays from lattice QCD: ΔI=1/2 rule and CP violation

Title:

Kaon to two pions decays from lattice QCD: ΔI=1/2 rule and CP violation

Author(s):

Liu, Qi

Thesis Advisor(s):

Christ, Norman H.

Date:

2012

Type:

Dissertations

Department:

Physics

Permanent URL:

http://hdl.handle.net/10022/AC:P:13068

Notes:

Ph.D., Columbia University.

Abstract:

We report a direct lattice calculation of the K to ππ decay matrix elements for both the ΔI = 1/2 and 3/2 amplitudes A0 and A2 on a 2+1 flavor, domain wall fermion, 163 × 32 × 16 lattice ensemble and a 243 × 64 × 16 lattice ensemble. This is a complete calculation in which all contractions for the required ten, fourquark operators are evaluated, including the disconnected graphs in which no quark line connects the initial kaon and final twopion states. These lattice operators are nonperturbatively renormalized using the RomeSouthampton method and the quadratic divergences are studied and removed. This is an important but notoriously difficult calculation, requiring high statistics on a large volume. In this work we take a major step towards the computation of the physical K → ππ amplitudes by performing a complete calculation at unphysical kinematics with pions of mass 422MeV and 329MeV at rest in the kaon rest frame. With this simplification we are able to resolve Re(A0) from zero for the first time, with a 25% statistical error on the 163 lattice and 15% on the 243 lattice. The complex amplitude A2 is calculated with small statistical errors. We obtain the ΔI = 1/2 rule with an enhancement factor of 9.1(21) and 12.0(17) on these two ensembles. From the detailed analysis of the results we gain a deeper understanding of the origin of the ΔI = 1/2 rule. We also calculate the complex amplitude A0, a calculation central to understanding and testing the standard model of CP violation in the kaon system. The final result for the measure of direct CP violation, ε′, calculated at unphysical kinematics has an order of 100% statistical error, so this only serves as an order of magnitude check.

Subject(s):

Theoretical physics
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