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Penser les Conflits Locaux: L'Échec de l'Intervention Internationale au Congo

Severine Autesserre

Title:
Penser les Conflits Locaux: L'Échec de l'Intervention Internationale au Congo
Author(s):
Autesserre, Severine
Date:
Type:
Articles
Department:
Political Science (Barnard College)
Permanent URL:
Book/Journal Title:
L'Afrique des Grands Lacs: 12, Annuaire 2007-2008
Book Author:
Marysse, Stefaan
Publisher:
L'Harmattan
Publisher Location:
Paris
Abstract:
This chapter takes stock of the international intervention in the Democratic Republic of Congo in order to explain why it failed to end violence in the eastern provinces. Based on field observations in the Congo, document analysis and over 330 interviews, it demonstrates that massive violence continued between 2003 and 2008 in part because of the presence of local conflict. The international actors left these local tensions to fester because they perceived them as a consequence of broader problems and as a humanitarian issue. International actors thus focused on national and regional reconciliation, especially through the organization of "free and fair elections," and they passed onto each other the responsibility of working on violence at the local level. They paid attention to local issues only in case of shocking events or when they realized that micro and macro tensions were linked. As a result, they neglected many critical local conflicts, which regularly erupted into major crises.
Subject(s):
International relations
Peace studies
Item views:
186
Metadata:
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