- From the FDI Triad to multiple FDI poles?
Sauvant, Karl P.
- Vale Columbia Center on Sustainable International Investment
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- Columbia FDI Perspectives
- Twenty years ago, in the inaugural issue of the World Investment Report, the United Nations highlighted a shift in the global pattern of foreign direct investment (FDI) from bipolar, dominated by the United States and the European Community, to tri-polar (the FDI Triad), dominated by the European Community, the United States and Japan.
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