The Influence of Women and Racial Minorities Under Panel Decision Making on the U.S. Court of Appeals
Sean Farhang; Gregory J. Wawro
- The Influence of Women and Racial Minorities Under Panel Decision Making on the U.S. Court of Appeals
Wawro, Gregory J.
- Working papers
- Institute for Social and Economic Research and Policy
- Permanent URL:
- ISERP Working Papers
- Part Number:
- Institute for Social and Economic Research and Policy, Columbia University
- Publisher Location:
- New York
- This paper assesses the impact of gender and race on judicial decisions on the federal Court of Appeals, paying particular attention to the institutional nuances of decision-making on three-judge appellate panels within circuits. Its central question is whether and how racial minority and women judges influence legal policy on issues thought to be of particular concern to women and minorities. Proper analysis of this question requires investigating whether women and minority judges influence the decisions of other panel members. The authors find that the norm of unanimity on panels grants women influence over outcomes even when they are outnumbered on a panel.
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