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Depression and Low-Income Women: Challenges for TANF and Welfare-to-Work Policies and Programs

Mary Clare Lennon; Juliana Blome; Kevin English

Title:
Depression and Low-Income Women: Challenges for TANF and Welfare-to-Work Policies and Programs
Author(s):
Lennon, Mary Clare
Blome, Juliana
English, Kevin
Date:
Type:
Reports
Permanent URL:
Media Type:
application/pdf
Notes:
Research Forum on Children, Families, and the New Federalism.
Publisher:
National Center for Children in Poverty
Publisher Location:
New York
Abstract:
This report reviews the literature on the prevalence, treatment, and consequences of depression in low-income women, highlighting the relationship of depression to welfare and employment. Depression is a debilitating illness characterized by profound feelings of sadness, low mood, and loss of interest in usual activities that can have severe adverse effects, not only on the individual woman but also on her job and family life. Recent changes in welfare policy in the United States, including the five-year lifetime limit on assistance and the requirement that recipients obtain jobs after two years of continuous support, have increased concern about depression and other problems facing many women on welfare. The research findings reviewed here have a range of implications for research and for TANF and welfare-to-work policies and programs that are outlined in this report.
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