Climate, Water Navigability, and Economic Development
Andrew D. Mellinger; Jeffrey D. Sachs; John Luke Gallup
- Climate, Water Navigability, and Economic Development
Mellinger, Andrew D.
Sachs, Jeffrey D.
Gallup, John Luke
- Working papers
- Earth Institute
- Permanent URL:
- Part Number:
- Center for International Development at Harvard University
- Publisher Location:
- Cambridge, Mass.
- Geographic information systems (GIS) data was used on a global scale to examine the relationship between climate (ecozones), water navigability, and economic development in terms of GDP per capita. GDP per capita and the spatial density of economic activity measured as GDP per km2 are high in temperate ecozones and in regions proximate to the sea (within 100 km of the ocean or a sea-navigable waterway). Temperate ecozones proximate to the sea account for 8 percent of the worldâ€™s inhabited land area, 23 percent of the worldâ€™s population, and 53 percent of the worldâ€™s GDP. The GDP densities in temperate ecozones proximate to the sea are on average eighteen times higher than in non-proximate non-temperate areas.
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