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Using Non-Fit Messages to De-Intensify Reactions to Threatening Advice

Ilona Fridman

Title:
Using Non-Fit Messages to De-Intensify Reactions to Threatening Advice
Author(s):
Fridman, Ilona
Thesis Advisor(s):
Higgins, E. Tory
Date:
Type:
Theses
Degree:
Ph.D., Columbia University
Department(s):
Business
Persistent URL:
Abstract:
Sometimes experts need to provide potentially upsetting advice. For example, physicians may recommend hospice for a terminally ill patient because it best meets their needs, but the patient and their family dislike this advised option. The present research examines whether regulatory non-fit could be used to improve these types of situations. The findings from eight studies in which participants imagined receiving upsetting advice from a physician demonstrate that regulatory non-fit between the form of the physician’s advice (emphasizing gains vs. avoiding losses) and the participants’ motivational orientation (promotion vs. prevention) improves participants’ evaluation of an initially disliked option. Regulatory non-fit de-intensifies participants’ initial attitudes by making them less confident in their initial judgments and motivating them to think more thoroughly about the arguments presented. Furthermore, consistent with previous research on regulatory fit, the studies show that the mechanism of regulatory non-fit differs as a function of participants’ involvement in the evaluation of the option.
Subject(s):
Management
Health services administration
Medical care
Item views
65
Metadata:
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Suggested Citation:
Ilona Fridman, , Using Non-Fit Messages to De-Intensify Reactions to Threatening Advice, Columbia University Academic Commons, .

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