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European glacial dust deposits: Geochemical constraints on atmospheric dust cycle modeling

Denis-Didier Rousseau; Catherine Chauvel; Adriana Sima; Christine Hatté; France Lagroix; Pierre Antoine; Yves Balkanski; Markus Fuchs; Claire Mellett; Masa Kageyama; Gilles Ramstein; Andreas Lang

Title:
European glacial dust deposits: Geochemical constraints on atmospheric dust cycle modeling
Author(s):
Rousseau, Denis-Didier
Chauvel, Catherine
Sima, Adriana
Hatté, Christine
Lagroix, France
Antoine, Pierre
Balkanski, Yves
Fuchs, Markus
Mellett, Claire
Kageyama, Masa
Ramstein, Gilles
Lang, Andreas
Date:
Type:
Articles
Department(s):
Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory
Volume:
41
Persistent URL:
Book/Journal Title:
Geophysical Research Letters
Geographic Area:
Europe
Abstract:
For a long time global paleodust numerical simulations have greatly underestimated dust sources other than modern deserts. Recent modeling experiments incorporating glaciogenic sources of dust have positively improved the agreement between model and paleodust data. This highlights the importance of accurately representing all areas potentially subjected to deflation during an investigated interval. Geochemical results, obtained from European loess sequences collected along a 50°N transect, combined with dust emission simulations reveal the geographical distribution of the most important European dust sources between 34 ka and 18 ka. We demonstrate that most European dust traveled only a few hundred kilometers or less within the boundary layer from its source before deposition. We conclude that our results encourage acquisition of similar geochemical data for other relevant areas in the world. Further, they could provide critical constraints to benchmark atmospheric models, contributing to improve their performance in simulating dust cycle and associated climate feedbacks.
Subject(s):
Geochemistry
Dust
Paleoclimatology
Loess--Environmental aspects
Publisher DOI:
https://doi.org/10.1002/2014GL061382
Item views
57
Metadata:
text | xml
Suggested Citation:
Denis-Didier Rousseau, Catherine Chauvel, Adriana Sima, Christine Hatté, France Lagroix, Pierre Antoine, Yves Balkanski, Markus Fuchs, Claire Mellett, Masa Kageyama, Gilles Ramstein, Andreas Lang, , European glacial dust deposits: Geochemical constraints on atmospheric dust cycle modeling, Columbia University Academic Commons, .

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