HomeHome

Adaptive Appraisals of Anxiety Moderate the Association between Cortisol Reactivity and Performance in Salary Negotiations

Modupe N. Robinson; Ilona Fridman; Shira Mor; Alia J. Crum; Michael W. Morris

Title:
Adaptive Appraisals of Anxiety Moderate the Association between Cortisol Reactivity and Performance in Salary Negotiations
Author(s):
Robinson, Modupe N.
Fridman, Ilona
Mor, Shira
Crum, Alia J.
Morris, Michael W.
Date:
Type:
Articles
Department(s):
Business
Persistent URL:
Book/Journal Title:
PLoS ONE
Publisher:
Public Library of Science
Abstract:
Prior research suggests that stress can be harmful in high-stakes contexts such as negotiations. However, few studies actually measure stress physiologically during negotiations, nor do studies offer interventions to combat the potential negative effects of heightened physiological responses in negotiation contexts. In the current research, we offer evidence that the negative effects of cortisol increases on negotiation performance can be reduced through a reappraisal of anxiety manipulation. We experimentally induced adaptive appraisals by randomly assigning 97 male and female participants to receive either instructions to appraise their anxiety as beneficial to the negotiation or no specific instructions on how to appraise the situation. We also measured participants’ cortisol responses prior to and following the negotiation. Results revealed that cortisol increases were positively related to negotiation performance for participants who were told to view anxiety as beneficial, and not detrimental, for negotiation performance (appraisal condition). In contrast, cortisol increases were negatively related to negotiation performance for participants given no instructions on appraising their anxiety (control condition). These findings offer a means through which to combat the potentially deleterious effects of heightened cortisol reactivity on negotiation outcomes.
Subject(s):
Negotiation--Psychological aspects
Anxiety
Stress (Psychology)--Physiological aspects
Stress (Psychology)
Psychology
Medical sciences
Publisher DOI:
https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0167977
Item views
174
Metadata:
text | xml
Suggested Citation:
Modupe N. Robinson, Ilona Fridman, Shira Mor, Alia J. Crum, Michael W. Morris, , Adaptive Appraisals of Anxiety Moderate the Association between Cortisol Reactivity and Performance in Salary Negotiations, Columbia University Academic Commons, .

Columbia University Libraries | Policies | FAQ