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Experiments and micromechanical modeling of electrical conductivity of carbon nanotube/cement composites with moisture

Sung-Hwan Jang; Daniel Peter Hochstein; Shiho Kawashima; Huiming Yin

Title:
Experiments and micromechanical modeling of electrical conductivity of carbon nanotube/cement composites with moisture
Author(s):
Jang, Sung-Hwan
Hochstein, Daniel Peter
Kawashima, Shiho
Yin, Huiming
Date:
Type:
Articles
Department(s):
Civil Engineering and Engineering Mechanics
Volume:
77
Persistent URL:
Book/Journal Title:
Cement and Concrete Composites
Publisher:
Elsevier
Abstract:
Carbon nanotube (CNT)/cement composites have been proposed as a multifunctional material for self-sensing and traffic monitoring due to their unique electric conductivity which changes with the application of mechanical load. However, material constituent and environmental factors may significantly affect the potential application of these materials. Therefore, it is necessary to understand an influence of material constituent such as porosity and dispersion of CNT and environmental factor such as moisture on the electrical conductivity of CNT/cement composite. This paper investigates the effect of moisture on the effective electrical conductivity of CNT/cement composites. To prepare the specimens, multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) are well dispersed in cement paste, which is then molded and cured into cubic test specimens. By drying the specimens from the fully saturated state to the fully dry state, the effective electrical conductivity is measured at different moisture contents. As the water in the specimen is replaced by air voids, the electrical conductivity significantly decreases. Different ratios of MWCNTs to cement have been used in this study. Micromechanical models have been used to predict the effective electrical conductivities. A comprehensive model is proposed to take into account the effects of individual material phases on the effective electrical conductivity of CNT/cement composites with moisture effect.
Subject(s):
Carbon nanotubes
Electric conductivity
Moisture
Cement
Civil engineering
Publisher DOI:
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cemconcomp.2016.12.003
Item views
126
Metadata:
text | xml
Suggested Citation:
Sung-Hwan Jang, Daniel Peter Hochstein, Shiho Kawashima, Huiming Yin, , Experiments and micromechanical modeling of electrical conductivity of carbon nanotube/cement composites with moisture, Columbia University Academic Commons, .

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