HomeHome

Spatial analysis of the association of alcohol outlets and alcohol-related pedestrian/bicyclist injuries in New York City

Charles J. DiMaggio; Stephen Mooney; Spiros Frangos; Stephen Wall

Title:
Spatial analysis of the association of alcohol outlets and alcohol-related pedestrian/bicyclist injuries in New York City
Author(s):
DiMaggio, Charles J.
Mooney, Stephen
Frangos, Spiros
Wall, Stephen
Date:
Type:
Articles
Department(s):
Epidemiology
Volume:
3
Persistent URL:
Book/Journal Title:
Injury Epidemiology
Geographic Area:
New York (State)--New York
Publisher:
SpringerOpen
Abstract:
Background Pedestrian and bicyclist injury is an important public health issue. The retail environment, particularly the presence of alcohol outlets, may contribute the the risk of pedestrian or bicyclist injury, but this association is poorly understood. Methods This study quantifies the spatial risk of alcohol-related pedestrian injury in New York City at the census tract level over a recent 10-year period using a Bayesian hierarchical spatial regression model with Integrated Nested Laplace approximations. The analysis measures local risk, and estimates the association between the presence of alcohol outlets in a census tract and alcohol-involved pedestrian/bicyclist injury after controlling for social, economic and traffic-related variables. Results Holding all other covariates to zero and adjusting for both random and spatial variation, the presence of at least one alcohol outlet in a census tract increased the risk of a pedestrian or bicyclist being struck by a car by 47 % (IDR = 1.47, 95 % Credible Interval (CrI) 1.13, 1.91). Conclusions The presence of one or more alcohol outlets in a census tract in an urban environment increases the risk of bicyclist/pedestrian injury in important and meaningful ways. Identifying areas of increased risk due to alcohol allows the targeting of interventions to prevent and control alcohol-related pedestrian and bicyclist injuries.
Subject(s):
Pedestrian accidents
Crash injuries
Traffic safety
Liquor stores--Location
Cycling accidents
Public health
Epidemiology
Publisher DOI:
https://doi.org/10.1186/s40621-016-0076-5
Item views
70
Metadata:
text | xml
Suggested Citation:
Charles J. DiMaggio, Stephen Mooney, Spiros Frangos, Stephen Wall, , Spatial analysis of the association of alcohol outlets and alcohol-related pedestrian/bicyclist injuries in New York City, Columbia University Academic Commons, .

Columbia University Libraries | Policies | FAQ