Soluble P-Selectin and the Risk of Primary Graft Dysfunction After Lung Transplantation
- Soluble P-Selectin and the Risk of Primary Graft Dysfunction After Lung Transplantation
- Kawut, Steven M.
Lederer, David J.
De Andrade, Joao
Ware, Lorraine B.
Christie, Jason D.
Lung Transplant Outcomes Group
- Center for Behavioral Cardiovascular Health
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- Background - Platelet activation with subsequent neutrophilic adherence to the vasculature initiates ischemia-reperfusion injury. We hypothesized that higher plasma P-selectin levels reflecting platelet activation would therefore be associated with primary graft dysfunction (PGD) after lung transplantation.
Methods - In a prospective, multicenter cohort study of 376 patients who had undergone lung transplantation between 2002 and 2007, we measured soluble P-selectin levels before lung transplantation and at 6 and 24 h after lung reperfusion in 20 patients with grade III PGD (Pao2/fraction of inspired oxygen, < 200 mm Hg [with alveolar infiltrates seen on chest radiographs]) at 72 h after transplantation and 61 control subjects without PGD.
Results - Higher postoperative soluble P-selectin levels were associated with an increased risk of PGD at 72 h after transplantation (odds ratio [OR] per 1 natural log increase in soluble P-selectin at 6 h after lung allograft reperfusion, 3.5; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.01 to 11.8; p = 0.048) and at 24 h after lung allograft reperfusion (OR, 4.8; 95% CI, 1.4 to 16.1; p = 0.01). Higher preoperative mean pulmonary artery pressure and the use of cardiopulmonary bypass were also associated with an increased risk of PGD.
Conclusion - Higher postoperative soluble P-selectin levels were associated with an increased risk of PGD at 72 h following lung transplantation.
Lungs--Wounds and injuries
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- Steven M. Kawut, Jeffrey Okun, Daichi Shimbo, David J. Lederer, Joao De Andrade, Vibha Lama, Ashish Shah, Aaron Milstone, Lorraine B. Ware, Ann Weinacker, Ejigayehu Demissie, Jason D. Christie, Lung Transplant Outcomes Group, 2009, Soluble P-Selectin and the Risk of Primary Graft Dysfunction After Lung Transplantation, Columbia University Academic Commons, https://doi.org/10.7916/D8JM29TF.