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Arrival-angle anomalies across the USArray Transportable Array

Anna Foster; Göran Ekström; Vala Hjorleifsdottir

Title:
Arrival-angle anomalies across the USArray Transportable Array
Author(s):
Foster, Anna
Ekström, Göran
Hjorleifsdottir, Vala
Date:
Type:
Articles
Department(s):
Earth and Environmental Sciences
Persistent URL:
Book/Journal Title:
Earth and Planetary Science Letters
Publisher:
Elsevier
Abstract:
We construct composite maps of surface-wave arrival-angle anomalies using clustered earthquakes and an array method for measuring wave-front geometry. This results in observations of arrival angles covering the entire footprint of the USArray Transportable Array during 2006–2010. Bands of arrival-angle deviations in the propagation direction indicate the presence of heterogeneous velocity structure both inside and outside of the array. We compare the observed patterns to arrival angles predicted using two global tomographic models, the mantle model S362ANI and the surface-wave-dispersion model GDM52. We use both ray-theory-based prediction methods and measurements on synthetic data calculated using a spectral-element method. Both models and all prediction methods produce similar mean arrival angles and long-wavelength patterns of anomalies which are similar to the observations. Predicted short-wavelength features generally do not agree with the observations. The spectral-element method produces some complexity that is not obtained using the ray-theory-based methods; this predicted complexity is similar in character to the observed patterns, but does not match them.
Subject(s):
Geophysics
Mathematics
Publisher DOI:
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.epsl.2013.12.046
Item views
267
Metadata:
text | xml
Suggested Citation:
Anna Foster, Göran Ekström, Vala Hjorleifsdottir, , Arrival-angle anomalies across the USArray Transportable Array, Columbia University Academic Commons, .

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