Psychopathology Among New York City Public School Children 6 Months After September 11

Christina Hoven; Christopher P. Lucas; Cristiane S. Duarte; Patricia R. Cohen; Renee D. Goodwin; Ping Wu; Donald J. Mandell; Ezra S. Susser; Victor Balaban; Michael Cohen; Bradley A. Woodruff; Fan Bin; George J. Musa; Lori Mei; Pamela A. Cantor; J. Lawrence Aber

Psychopathology Among New York City Public School Children 6 Months After September 11
Hoven, Christina
Lucas, Christopher P.
Duarte, Cristiane S.
Cohen, Patricia R.
Goodwin, Renee D.
Wu, Ping
Mandell, Donald J.
Susser, Ezra S.
Balaban, Victor
Cohen, Michael
Woodruff, Bradley A.
Bin, Fan
Musa, George J.
Mei, Lori
Cantor, Pamela A.
Aber, J. Lawrence
National Center for Disaster Preparedness
Persistent URL:
Book/Journal Title:
Archives of General Psychiatry
Geographic Area:
New York (State)--New York
It has been proposed that the terror itself that results from a terrorist attack elicits what is perhaps one of the attack’s more profound consequences: a direct assault on the population’s mental health. Prior research suggests that in the context of a mass disaster, children may be an especially vulnerable group. Previous research has shown that direct exposure to different types of mass traumatic events is associated with an increase in posttraumatic stress symptoms among children. Postdisaster studies have also reported elevated prevalence of physical symptoms, anxiety, and depression, which are frequently comorbid with posttraumatic stress reactions among youth. Previous studies examining the results of mass trauma on child mental health have included selected or volunteer samples at the trauma site. Studies to date have not examined population-based samples; therefore, the extent to which results generalize to youth in the community, or to different levels of exposure, is not known. Moreover, previous studies have focused mainly on posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and have not assessed a range of mental disorders. Several publications have documented the impact of September 11 on adults’ mental health; studies published to date have not yet directly assessed children, although some did elicit parental reports. This article reports the results of the New York City, NY, Department of Education (formerly the New York City Board of Education) study, which examined the prevalence of 8 probable mental disorders and their relationship to levels of exposure to the World Trade Center (WTC) attack in a large representative sample of New York City public school children 6 months following this disaster.
Psychic trauma in children
September 11 Terrorist Attacks (2001)
Public health
Mental health
Clinical psychology
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Suggested Citation:
Christina Hoven, Christopher P. Lucas, Cristiane S. Duarte, Patricia R. Cohen, Renee D. Goodwin, Ping Wu, Donald J. Mandell, Ezra S. Susser, Victor Balaban, Michael Cohen, Bradley A. Woodruff, Fan Bin, George J. Musa, Lori Mei, Pamela A. Cantor, J. Lawrence Aber, , Psychopathology Among New York City Public School Children 6 Months After September 11, Columbia University Academic Commons, .

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