HomeHome

Challenges in Meeting Immediate Emotional Needs: Short-term Impact of a Major Disaster on Children's Mental Health: Building Resiliency in the Aftermath of Huricanne Katrina

Paula Madrid; Neil B. Redlener; Roy F. Grant; Michael J. Reilly

Title:
Challenges in Meeting Immediate Emotional Needs: Short-term Impact of a Major Disaster on Children's Mental Health: Building Resiliency in the Aftermath of Huricanne Katrina
Author(s):
Madrid, Paula
Redlener, Neil B.
Grant, Roy F.
Reilly, Michael J.
Date:
Type:
Articles
Department(s):
National Center for Disaster Preparedness
Environmental Health Sciences
Volume:
117
Persistent URL:
Book/Journal Title:
Pediatrics
Abstract:
Disasters, whether resulting from terrorism or natural events, have a dramatic impact on the health and well-being of children. Studies after the terror attacks of September 11, 2001, in New York City and the 1995 Oklahoma City bombing and countless reports on the impact of natural disasters on children show that a child’s mental health can suffer from direct and indirect exposure to these events. Children may react to a disaster or act of terrorism in a variety of ways. These reactions are influenced by age, developmental level, intellectual capacity, individual and family support systems, personality, and other factors. Common manifestations of psychological trauma in young children include regression, clinging behavior, inattentiveness, aggressiveness, bed-wetting, somatic complaints, irritability, social withdrawal, nightmares, and crying. Longer-lasting effects may include depression, anxiety, adjustment disorders, posttraumatic stress disorder, and interpersonal or academic difficulties. Some children are particularly vulnerable to post disaster trauma because of preexisting psychosocial stressors (homelessness, foster care, exposure to violence, etc.), low socioeconomic status, or special needs (including cognitive delays and prior mental illness). These post disaster reactions may not manifest until well after the event and could persist for years.
Subject(s):
Public health
Mental health
Publisher DOI:
http://dx.doi.org/10.1542/peds.2006-0099U
Item views
903
Metadata:
text | xml
Suggested Citation:
Paula Madrid, Neil B. Redlener, Roy F. Grant, Michael J. Reilly, , Challenges in Meeting Immediate Emotional Needs: Short-term Impact of a Major Disaster on Children's Mental Health: Building Resiliency in the Aftermath of Huricanne Katrina, Columbia University Academic Commons, .

Center for Digital Research and Scholarship at Columbia University Libraries | Policies