Exporting Deflation? Chinese Exports and Japanese Prices

Christian Broda; David E. Weinstein

Exporting Deflation? Chinese Exports and Japanese Prices
Broda, Christian
Weinstein, David E.
Working papers
Center on Japanese Economy and Business
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Center on Japanese Economy and Business Working Papers
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Center on Japanese Economy and Business, Graduate School of Business, Columbia University
Publisher Location:
New York
Between 1992 and 2002, the Japanese Import Price Index registered a decline of almost 9 percent and Japan entered a period of deflation. We show that much of the correlation between import prices and domestic prices was due to formula biases. Had the IPI been computed using a pure Laspeyres index like the CPI, the IPI would have hardly moved at all. A Laspeyres version of the IPI would have risen 1 percentage point per year faster than the official index. Second we show that Chinese prices did not behave differently from the prices of other importers. Although Chinese prices are substantially lower than the prices of other exporters, they do not exhibit a differential trend. However, we estimate that the typical price per unit quality of a Chinese exporter fell by half between 1992 and 2005. Thus the explosive growth in Chinese exports is attributable to growth in the quality of Chinese exports and the increase in new products being exported by China.
Economics, Commerce-Business
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Suggested Citation:
Christian Broda, David E. Weinstein, 2009, Exporting Deflation? Chinese Exports and Japanese Prices, Columbia University Academic Commons, http://hdl.handle.net/10022/AC:P:29134.

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