Eban Health Promotion Intervention: Conceptual Basis and Procedures
Elwin Wu; Susan S. Witte; Nabila El-Bassel; Louisa Gilbert; NIMH Multisite HIV/STD Prevention Trial for African American Couples Group
- Eban Health Promotion Intervention: Conceptual Basis and Procedures
Witte, Susan S.
NIMH Multisite HIV/STD Prevention Trial for African American Couples Group
- Social Work
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- Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes
- This article concerns the health promotion intervention that served as the comparison condition in Project Eban, the NIMH Multisite HIV/STD Prevention Trial for African American Couples. Considerable research has documented the high rates of chronic diseases, including heart disease, cancer, stroke, and diabetes, among African Americans. Many of these diseases are tied to behavioral risk factors—the things that people do or do not do, their diet, the amount of exercise they get, and their substance use practices. The Eban Health Promotion Intervention was designed to increase healthful behaviors, including physical activity, healthful dietary practices, ceasing cigarette smoking and alcohol abuse, practicing early detection and screening behaviors, and improving medication adherence. As a comparison condition, the Eban Health Promotion Intervention was designed to be structurally similar to the Eban HIV/STD Risk Reduction Intervention. This article describes the intervention and how it was developed, integrating social cognitive theory with information collected in formative research to ensure that the intervention was appropriate for African Americans affected by HIV. Besides testing the efficacy of an HIV/STD risk reduction intervention for African American serodiscordant couples, then, Project Eban also tests the efficacy of an intervention addressing many of the other health problems common in this population.
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