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Relationship between drug use and intimate partner violence among women on methadone

Nabila El-Bassel; Louisa Gilbert; Elwin Wu; Hyun Go; Jennifer Hill

Title:
Relationship between drug use and intimate partner violence among women on methadone
Author(s):
El-Bassel, Nabila
Gilbert, Louisa
Wu, Elwin
Go, Hyun
Hill, Jennifer
Date:
Type:
Articles
Department:
Social Work
Volume:
95
Permanent URL:
Book/Journal Title:
American Journal of Public Health
Abstract:
Objectives. We examined whether frequent drug use increases the likelihood of subsequent sexual or physical intimate partner violence (IPV) and whether IPV increases the likelihood of subsequent frequent drug use. Methods. A random sample of 416 women on methadone was assessed at baseline (wave 1) and at 6 months (wave 2), and 12 months (wave 3) following the initial assessment. Propensity score matching and multiple logistic regression were employed. Results. Women who reported frequent crack use at wave 2 were more likely than non–drug using women to report IPV at wave 3 (odds ratio [OR]=4.4; 95% confidence interval [CI]=2.1, 9.1; P<.01). In addition, women who reported IPV at wave 2 were more likely than women who did not report IPV to indicate frequent heroin use at wave 3 (OR=2.7; 95% CI=1.1, 6.5; P=.04). Conclusions. Our findings suggest that the relationship between frequent drug use and IPV is bidirectional and varies by type of drug.
Subject(s):
Social work
Publisher DOI:
10.2105/AJPH.2003.023200
Item views:
106
Metadata:
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